0) { $numPages++; $remainder -= $imagesPerPage; } // determine which index page we are on $url = $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']; $i = strpos($url, "?"); $page = 1; if ($i > 0) { $page = substr($url, $i+1, strlen($url)); if ($page < 1) { $page = 1; } if ($page > $numPages) { $page = $numPages; } } ?> Birds of the Southwest Desert <?php if ("Collections" == "Collections") { echo " Collection"; } else { echo " - Collections"; } echo " - Index Page $page of $numPages" ?> - Ed Bustya's Nature Images of a collection of images from award-winning photographer Ed Bustya titled Birds of the Southwest Desert" >

Birds of the Southwest Desert

Birds of the Southwest Desert


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"); echo ("\n\n\n"); if ($startImage <= 1 && $endImage >= 1) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A male Pyrrhuloxia perches on a branch. These birds are in the Cardinal family, but are just found in the southwest states. They're common in southern Arizona, although they are shy. This is a male and as you can see it is not fully red like a male cardinal. People sometimes mistake the males and the females with Cardinals. The way to tell them apart is Cardinals have reddish-orange beaks, whereas Pyrrhuloxia's have yellow-black beaks. 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I was amazed at how this bird let me get within 10 feet or so, and stayed put for several minutes while I filled up my memory cards with photos. I had to move around a bit too, since there were branches that kept blowing in front of the bird. The background, which was pretty far away, blurred out nicely because of the short depth of field on my 600mm lens with a teleconverter. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Whitewater Draw") { $locationInfo = "Whitewater Draw"; $in_needed++; } if ("McNeal") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "McNeal"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(2, "Loggerhead Shrike", "Loggerhead Shrike - Whitewater Draw - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Loggerhead-Shrike-1DM3-100-9330.html", "images/Loggerhead-Shrike-1DM3-100-9330_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark III", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 3 && $endImage >= 3) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Vermilion Flycatcher finds a perch on a twig. Here is a classic example of what you can do when you understand the habits of a bird species. Flycatchers often return to the same perch over and over again in between capturing bugs to eat. So when I noticed this Vermilion Flycatcher repeatedly returning to this twig, I waited for it to leave, then hurried to a spot low down and closer to the perch. When it came back, I suppose I just looked like part of the landscape, because it didn't mind me. I was able to then photograph it over and over whenever it returned to this twig. This is a technique I teach in my Bird Photography Workshops. 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But it turns out they are native to areas that have Saguaro cactus, as I discovered this day. They pierce the fruit of the Saguaro and eat what's inside. You can see some of the red juices from the fruit on the bird's chin. 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End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Piestewa Peak") { $locationInfo = "Piestewa Peak"; $in_needed++; } if ("Phoenix") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Phoenix"; $comma_needed++; } if ("AZ") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "AZ"; } thumbnail(5, "Anna's Hummingbird", "Anna's Hummingbird - Piestewa Peak - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Anna%27s-Hummingbird-5D100-2672.html", "images/Anna%27s-Hummingbird-5D100-2672_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS 5D", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 6 && $endImage >= 6) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote This Common Raven was perched on a branch just a few feet from my car at the Mesa Arch trailhead in Canyonlands National Park. Ravens are very smart birds, and this one was probably used to finding food left behind by tourists. It didn't seem to mind my presence. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Canyonlands National Park") { $locationInfo = "Canyonlands National Park"; $in_needed++; } if ("Moab") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Moab"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Utah") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Utah"; } thumbnail(6, "Common Raven at Canyonlands", "Common Raven at Canyonlands - Canyonlands National Park - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Common-Raven-5D100-5980.html", "images/Common-Raven-5D100-5980_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS 5D", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 7 && $endImage >= 7) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A pair of Sandhill Cranes stand out in the early morning fog. Some mornings are too foggy at Bosque Del Apache to watch the flyout at the main pond, so that's when I like to go to the crane pools to try for close-in images of cranes waiting for the fog to clear. This image was a finalist in the National Wildlife Refuge Association's 2007 photo contest. 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So when there's not enough light to photograph anything else, the sunset and silhouettes become the focus. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge") { $locationInfo = "Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge"; $in_needed++; } if ("San Antonio") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "San Antonio"; $comma_needed++; } if ("New Mexico") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "New Mexico"; } thumbnail(8, "Sandhill Cranes Silhouetted at Sunset", "Sandhill Cranes Silhouetted at Sunset - Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Sandhill-Crane-100-7566.html", "images/Sandhill-Crane-100-7566_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 9 && $endImage >= 9) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Great Blue Heron quietly stalks its prey on a foggy morning at Bosque del Apache as the sun rises, while thousands of Snow Geese and Sandhill Cranes take flight. This photo won a fifth place in the National Wildlife Refuge Association's 2007 photo contest. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Bosque Del Apache NWR") { $locationInfo = "Bosque Del Apache NWR"; $in_needed++; } if ("San Antonio") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "San Antonio"; $comma_needed++; } if ("New Mexico") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "New Mexico"; } thumbnail(9, "Misty Morning Sunrise", "Misty Morning Sunrise - Bosque Del Apache NWR - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Great-Blue-Heron-100-7678.html", "images/Great-Blue-Heron-100-7678_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 10 && $endImage >= 10) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote Bosque Del Apache is the most amazing place in November when about 60,000 Snow Geese and 10,000 Sandhill Cranes visit. It's a bird photographer's paradise! The Sandhill Cranes roost in ponds at night, where the water gives them some protection from predators like coyotes, and they feed at the cornfields that the refuge maintains just for them. It is quite a sight to sit at the edge of the cornfield during the day and listen to them talk to each other in sort of a gurgling sound - the male makes his sound and the female or juvenile answers back. I think it's supposed to be how they keep track of each other (their families stick together). At the end of the day, they fly back from the cornfield to the ponds, when I captured this photograph. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Bosque Del Apache NWR") { $locationInfo = "Bosque Del Apache NWR"; $in_needed++; } if ("San Antonio") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "San Antonio"; $comma_needed++; } if ("New Mexico") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "New Mexico"; } thumbnail(10, "Sandhill Crane at Dusk", "Sandhill Crane at Dusk - Bosque Del Apache NWR - © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Sandhill-Crane-100-8812.html", "images/Sandhill-Crane-100-8812_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 11 && $endImage >= 11) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Sandhill Crane foraging for food in one of the fields at the Bosque. During midday, when most of the cranes are feeding in the corn fields, it's time to cruise the refuge roads to see what else might be found. The Southern loop of the refuge is not as productive as the north loop and it's a lot quieter down there, but you can still find interesting things. This Sandhill Crane wasn't too far from the road and made an interesting subject for this photograph. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge") { $locationInfo = "Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge"; $in_needed++; } if ("San Antonio") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "San Antonio"; $comma_needed++; } if ("New Mexico") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "New Mexico"; } thumbnail(11, "Sandhill Crane Foraging", "Sandhill Crane Foraging - Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Sandhill-Crane-100-9503.html", "images/Sandhill-Crane-100-9503_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 12 && $endImage >= 12) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote Someone at the Wings Over Wilcox bird festival told me I could find Vermilion Flycatchers at Whitewater Draw, which was all the inspiration I needed to go check it out. I hoped I might see some, and maybe get a photo or two. But things were really going my way and found this one that let me get within 20 feet or so. Although they generally are moving about fairly quickly, they do sit in one spot long enough to get shots like this. This photo won First Place in the nongame category of the Arizona Game and Fish (AZGFD) 2007 Calendar Contest, and appeared on the calendar page for the month of April. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area") { $locationInfo = "Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area"; $in_needed++; } if ("") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= ""; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(12, "Vermilion Flycatcher", "Vermilion Flycatcher - Whitewater Draw Wildlife Area - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Vermilion-Flycatcher-105-9495.html", "images/Vermilion-Flycatcher-105-9495_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 13 && $endImage >= 13) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Gambel's Quail perches in brush in the light of early morning near San Pedro House. These quail are more skittish than most of the other birds, so it's hard to get very close to them. They are more abundant near sunrise than later in the day. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("San Pedro House") { $locationInfo = "San Pedro House"; $in_needed++; } if ("Hereford") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Hereford"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(13, "Gambel's Quail at Dawn", "Gambel's Quail at Dawn - San Pedro House - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Gambel%27s-Quail-106-2330.html", "images/Gambel%27s-Quail-106-2330_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 14 && $endImage >= 14) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Curve-Billed Thrasher perches atop a cholla cactus. The wild-eyed Curve-Billed Thrasher makes a loud whistling sound. If you whistle back at them, you can sometimes carry on a "conversation." San Pedro House is a good place to start exploring the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area. There are several bird feeders and hummingbird feeders, big trees, and a river nearby. You can park here and start your hike on one of the many trails. I like to be at the house by sunrise to catch photos like this one. 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The trick is to wait for them to land on an unobscured perch near the feeder. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("San Pedro House") { $locationInfo = "San Pedro House"; $in_needed++; } if ("Sierra Vista") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Sierra Vista"; $comma_needed++; } if ("AZ") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "AZ"; } thumbnail(15, "Pyrrhuloxia Female", "Pyrrhuloxia Female - San Pedro House - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Pyrrhuloxia-106-2909.html", "images/Pyrrhuloxia-106-2909_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 16 && $endImage >= 16) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Great Horned Owl watches from its perch at Whitewater Draw, a wildlife area run by the state of Arizona. I first learned about Whitewater Draw at the Wings Over Wilcox bird festival in January. A few hundred Sandhill Cranes can be found here in the ponds in the afternoon. But in the trees on the other side of the area, there are often owls. I've seen Barn Owls as well as this Great-Horned Owl. 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Although many of the birds come to the feeders, the Vermilion Flycatcher catches all of its meals in the adjacent field, then comes to perch in the tree next to the house. This photo won First Place in the Arizona Game and Fish (AZGFD) 2009 Calendar Contest, and appears on the calendar page for the month of February. 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But Avocets and many other shorebirds are often found at very shallow lakes, like Cochise Lakes, which actually is the last stage of the waste treatment plant in Willcox. On this day, there were hundreds of Avocets, Black-Necked Stilts, Black-Crowned Night Herons, Phalaropes, and several other types of shorebird. 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The trick to making good images of shorebirds is to get the background to be more interesting than the normal bright, glaring water or the weedy unattractive mudflats. This image of Black-Necked Stilts at Cochise Lakes near Wilcox, Arizona was made very late in the day,while the sun was low and the blue sky was reflected in the water. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Cochise Lake") { $locationInfo = "Cochise Lake"; $in_needed++; } if ("Willcox") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Willcox"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(19, "Black-Necked Stilt", "Black-Necked Stilt - Cochise Lake - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Black-Necked-Stilt-106-8450.html", "images/Black-Necked-Stilt-106-8450_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 20 && $endImage >= 20) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote The trick to making good images of shorebirds is to get the background to be more interesting than the normal bright, glaring water or the weedy unattractive mudflats. One of the things I teach in my Bird Photography Workshop is how to get better backgrounds for your bird photography. This image of an American Avocet was made very late in the day,while the sun was low and the blue sky was reflected in the water. 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But it turns out they are native to areas that have Saguaro cactus, as I discovered this day. They pierce the fruit of the Saguaro and eat what's inside. 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They seem to be annoyed with each other, but there were so many saguaros with ripe fruit that they could easily find another cactus and eat in peace. 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They'll often flap their wings wildly and hover about 20 feet above the ground watching for prey. This hovering motion is called "kiting." When they find something, they'll hurtle downward in a flash and most likely will successfully catch their meal. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Gilbert Water Ranch") { $locationInfo = "Gilbert Water Ranch"; $in_needed++; } if ("Gilbert") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Gilbert"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(23, "American Kestrel", "American Kestrel - Gilbert Water Ranch - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "American-Kestrel-107-3415.html", "images/American-Kestrel-107-3415_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 24 && $endImage >= 24) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Sandhill Crane pauses to reflect as it moves from one corn field to another. It was one of those days where the cranes were far from sight except for a small group near the road, but they had their heads to the ground pecking away for corn. But then the whole group decided to move from the corner of one cornfield to the corner of another, so they headed toward me in a single file line. They had to pass in front of some shaded bushes, which is what made the dark background and made this an interesting photograph. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Bosque Del Apache") { $locationInfo = "Bosque Del Apache"; $in_needed++; } if ("San Antonio") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "San Antonio"; $comma_needed++; } if ("NM") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "NM"; } thumbnail(24, "Sandhill Crane Deep in Thought", "Sandhill Crane Deep in Thought - Bosque Del Apache - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Sandhill-Crane-107-7371.html", "images/Sandhill-Crane-107-7371_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 25 && $endImage >= 25) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Snow Goose banks as it prepares to land in the corn fields. These birds are skittish and take off and land everytime they get spooked, so it's pretty easy to get photographs of these birds all day long. But during midday, the light is too harsh and usually the shadows under their wings will be too dark. But later in the day, when the sun is lower as in this photo, the light is much better and bird flight photography is much more productive. You can learn this and other bird flight photography techniques in my Bird Photography Workshop. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Bosque Del Apache") { $locationInfo = "Bosque Del Apache"; $in_needed++; } if ("San Antonio") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "San Antonio"; $comma_needed++; } if ("NM") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "NM"; } thumbnail(25, "Snow Goose Banks for Landing", "Snow Goose Banks for Landing - Bosque Del Apache - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Snow-Goose-107-7408.html", "images/Snow-Goose-107-7408_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 26 && $endImage >= 26) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A pair of Sandhill Cranes appear to be fighting over something. 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End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge") { $locationInfo = "Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge"; $in_needed++; } if ("San Antonio") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "San Antonio"; $comma_needed++; } if ("New Mexico") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "New Mexico"; } thumbnail(27, "Snow Geese Landing", "Snow Geese Landing - Bosque Del Apache National Wildlife Refuge - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Snow-Goose-107-7531.html", "images/Snow-Goose-107-7531_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 28 && $endImage >= 28) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote Ravens make all kinds of odd sounds. In red rock country, it's common to hear a lone raven flying along the cliffs, their caw-cawing echoing through the canyon. But they also make some guttural noises that almost sound like they're having a conversation with themselves. I found this Raven near the trailhead for Mesa Arch in Canyonlands National Park in Utah. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Canyonlands National Park") { $locationInfo = "Canyonlands National Park"; $in_needed++; } if ("Moab") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Moab"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Utah") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Utah"; } thumbnail(28, "Common Raven", "Common Raven - Canyonlands National Park - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Common-Raven-107-9885.html", "images/Common-Raven-107-9885_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 29 && $endImage >= 29) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote Ravens make all kinds of odd sounds. In red rock country, it's common to hear a lone raven flying along the cliffs, their caw-cawing echoing through the canyon. But they also make some guttural noises that almost sound like they're having a conversation with themselves. I found this Raven near the trailhead for Mesa Arch in Canyonlands National Park in Utah. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Canyonlands National Park") { $locationInfo = "Canyonlands National Park"; $in_needed++; } if ("Moab") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Moab"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Utah") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Utah"; } thumbnail(29, "Common Raven", "Common Raven - Canyonlands National Park - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Common-Raven-107-9916.html", "images/Common-Raven-107-9916_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 30 && $endImage >= 30) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote The California Condor is an endangered species. When there were only 22 birds left in 1987, the remaining birds were captured in order to build the population in captivity. Beginning in 1991, a few have been reintroduced into the wild each year. There are now over 150 in the wild. In 2007, I watched as seven birds were reintroduced. The release area is in the Vermilion Cliffs area near the border of Arizona and Utah. They can frequently be seen flying along the canyon walls at the Grand Canyon, or perched on the cliffs at Marble Canyon. I've heard that they can also be seen at Big Sur in California. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("") { $locationInfo = ""; $in_needed++; } if ("Marble Canyon") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Marble Canyon"; $comma_needed++; } if ("AZ") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "AZ"; } thumbnail(30, "California Condor", "California Condor - - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "California-Condor-108-0037.html", "images/California-Condor-108-0037_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 31 && $endImage >= 31) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote The California Condor is an endangered species. When there were only 22 birds left in 1987, the remaining birds were captured in order to build the population in captivity. Beginning in 1991, a few have been reintroduced into the wild each year. There are now over 150 in the wild. In 2007, I watched as seven birds were reintroduced. The release area is in the Vermilion Cliffs area near the border of Arizona and Utah. They can frequently be seen flying along the canyon walls at the Grand Canyon, or perched on the cliffs at Marble Canyon. I've heard that they can also be seen at Big Sur in California. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("") { $locationInfo = ""; $in_needed++; } if ("Marble Canyon") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Marble Canyon"; $comma_needed++; } if ("AZ") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "AZ"; } thumbnail(31, "California Condor", "California Condor - - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "California-Condor-108-0060.html", "images/California-Condor-108-0060_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 32 && $endImage >= 32) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote In a secluded thicket near Page Springs in the Verde Valley, I found a Spotted Towhee eating from the same bush as a Hermit Thrush, and a small group of Javelina came through the area while I was there. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Bubbling Ponds") { $locationInfo = "Bubbling Ponds"; $in_needed++; } if ("Page Springs") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Page Springs"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(32, "Spotted Towhee in Berry Bush", "Spotted Towhee in Berry Bush - Bubbling Ponds - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Spotted-Towhee-108-2093.html", "images/Spotted-Towhee-108-2093_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 33 && $endImage >= 33) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote In a secluded thicket near Page Springs in the Verde Valley, I first spotted this Hermit Thrush plucking berries from a bush that was covered in fruit. I also found a Spotted Towhee eating from the same bush, and a small group of Javelina came through the area while I was there. This image is a multiple award winner - it won a First Place in the Arizona Game and Fish Department (AZGFD) 2008 Arizona Wildlife Calendar Contest and appears on the calendar page for the month of November. It also won a Second Place in the 2008 Indian Wells Arts Festival. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Bubbling Ponds") { $locationInfo = "Bubbling Ponds"; $in_needed++; } if ("Page Springs") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Page Springs"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(33, "Hermit Thrush And Berries", "Hermit Thrush And Berries - Bubbling Ponds - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Hermit-Thrush-108-2136.html", "images/Hermit-Thrush-108-2136_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 34 && $endImage >= 34) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote In a secluded thicket near Page Springs in the Verde Valley, I found a Spotted Towhee eating from the same bush as a Hermit Thrush, and a small group of Javelina came through the area while I was there. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Bubbling Ponds") { $locationInfo = "Bubbling Ponds"; $in_needed++; } if ("Page Springs") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Page Springs"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(34, "Spotted Towhee Eating Berries", "Spotted Towhee Eating Berries - Bubbling Ponds - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Spotted-Towhee-108-2300.html", "images/Spotted-Towhee-108-2300_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 35 && $endImage >= 35) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote The woodpecker that I notice most often in Central Arizona is the Gila Woodpecker. You can always tell when they're around because of the frequent squeaking noises they make. They will peck at anything searching for bugs, and it's always amusing to hear their rat-a-tat-tat on a satellite dish. I found this one at sunset, when it suddenly arrived to eat berries from a tree in the parking lot at the Page Springs Fish Hatchery, which is in the Lower Oak Creek Important Bird Area. This image made it to the semi-finals of the London Natural History Museum's Wildlife Photographer of the Year competition. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Page Springs Fish Hatchery") { $locationInfo = "Page Springs Fish Hatchery"; $in_needed++; } if ("Page Springs") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Page Springs"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(35, "Gila Woodpecker Eating Berries", "Gila Woodpecker Eating Berries - Page Springs Fish Hatchery - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Gila-Woodpecker-108-2436.html", "images/Gila-Woodpecker-108-2436_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 36 && $endImage >= 36) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote The female Northern Cardinal looks drab from a distance, but up close in the warm morning light you can see that they are very pretty and colorful. This was the mate to the cardinal in the male cardinal photograph. I found they were much easier to photograph these birds in the winter because the branches were bare making the birds stand out better. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Page Springs Fish Hatchery") { $locationInfo = "Page Springs Fish Hatchery"; $in_needed++; } if ("Page Springs") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Page Springs"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(36, "Northern Cardinal Female in Winter", "Northern Cardinal Female in Winter - Page Springs Fish Hatchery - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Northern-Cardinal-108-2992.html", "images/Northern-Cardinal-108-2992_thm.jpg", 118, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 37 && $endImage >= 37) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote At the Page Springs fish hatchery, which is in the Lower Oak Creek Canyon Important Bird Area (IBA), I found a pair of Northern Cardinals. During the winter, the bare branches of the trees make it easier to find and photograph these shy birds. (Surprisingly, a bright red bird is difficult to find in a tree full of green leaves). End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Page Springs Fish Hatchery") { $locationInfo = "Page Springs Fish Hatchery"; $in_needed++; } if ("Page Springs") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Page Springs"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(37, "Northern Cardinal Male", "Northern Cardinal Male - Page Springs Fish Hatchery - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Northern-Cardinal-108-3097f.html", "images/Northern-Cardinal-108-3097f_thm.jpg", 120, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 38 && $endImage >= 38) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote This Belted Kingfisher gorges itself on fish it plucks out of the show pond at the fish hatchery. I've watched it catch fish, after fish, after fish, until I thought it wouldn't be able to fly because of all the weight in its belly! In back of the hatchery, near the fish rearing ponds, I've counted seven kingfishers, which makes me wonder how the hatchery manages to raise any fish at all! 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But it didn't seem to mind me, so I was able to get within 20 feet or so. It finally sat still just long enough for me to get this photograph. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Page Springs Fish Hatchery") { $locationInfo = "Page Springs Fish Hatchery"; $in_needed++; } if ("Page Springs") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Page Springs"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(39, "Yellow-Rumped Warbler", "Yellow-Rumped Warbler - Page Springs Fish Hatchery - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Yellow-Rumped-Warbler-108-4735.html", "images/Yellow-Rumped-Warbler-108-4735_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 40 && $endImage >= 40) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote The Great Horned Owl chicks in this image are known in Cottonwood, Arizona as the "hospital owls." For several years, owls have been nesting in the eaves above the entryway to the hospital. I made this image of the chicks during the "Birdy Verde" Bird and Nature Festival in April. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Hospital") { $locationInfo = "Hospital"; $in_needed++; } if ("Cottonwood") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Cottonwood"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(40, "Great Horned Owl Chicks", "Great Horned Owl Chicks - Hospital - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Great-Horned-Owl-108-6655.html", "images/Great-Horned-Owl-108-6655_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 41 && $endImage >= 41) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Black-Headed Grosbeak perched in an apple tree. These birds seem to be common in the Verde Valley in the Spring, but then disappear in late Summer or early Fall. They'll come to the feeders for sunflower seeds. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("") { $locationInfo = ""; $in_needed++; } if ("Clarkdale") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Clarkdale"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(41, "Black-Headed Grosbeak", "Black-Headed Grosbeak - - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Black-Headed-Grosbeak-108-7278.html", "images/Black-Headed-Grosbeak-108-7278_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 42 && $endImage >= 42) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Summer Tanager sits on a stump waiting for bees to catch and eat. Several bees were caught while I watched, so there must've been a hive nearby. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Dead Horse State Park") { $locationInfo = "Dead Horse State Park"; $in_needed++; } if ("Cottonwood") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Cottonwood"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(42, "Summer Tanager", "Summer Tanager - Dead Horse State Park - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Summer-Tanager-108-8209.html", "images/Summer-Tanager-108-8209_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 43 && $endImage >= 43) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote Although they occur in other parts of Arizona, it seems like Phainopeplas are much more common in the southern part of the state. These birds' lives are intertwined with mistletoe. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Page Springs Fish Hatchery") { $locationInfo = "Page Springs Fish Hatchery"; $in_needed++; } if ("Page Springs") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Page Springs"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(43, "Phainopepla in Mesquite", "Phainopepla in Mesquite - Page Springs Fish Hatchery - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Phainopepla-108-8305.html", "images/Phainopepla-108-8305_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 44 && $endImage >= 44) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote Acorn Woodpeckers can look very comical, especially when in groups such as at the hummingbird feeders at the SW Research Station near Portal, Arizona. This image with colorful cliff walls as a backdrop was made near sunset in Cave Creek Canyon, also near Portal. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("South Fork Road") { $locationInfo = "South Fork Road"; $in_needed++; } if ("Portal") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Portal"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(44, "Acorn Woodpecker", "Acorn Woodpecker - South Fork Road - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Acorn-Woodpecker-109-2115.html", "images/Acorn-Woodpecker-109-2115_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 45 && $endImage >= 45) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote Roadrunners are curious, funny birds. The sound that roadrunners make is interesting too - they bend over and puff up their chest, then make a sort of cooing sound like a mourning dove. They also make a fast clicking sound with their beak that sounds kind of like loud, chattering teeth. They don't honk "Beep Beep!" And here's something interesting, Greater Roadrunners are in the "Cuculidae" family, which is latin for "old world cuckoos." I thought that Cuckoos just came in noisy clocks... End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Foothill Drive") { $locationInfo = "Foothill Drive"; $in_needed++; } if ("Portal") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Portal"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(45, "Roadrunner Searches for Lizards", "Roadrunner Searches for Lizards - Foothill Drive - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Greater-Roadrunner-109-2466.html", "images/Greater-Roadrunner-109-2466_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 46 && $endImage >= 46) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote A Western Kingbird perches on a barbed-wire fence along a dirt road near the Whitewater Draw wildlife conservation area in the Sulphur Springs valley. It is in a very remote, dusty part of Southern Arizona. Old ranches and farms dot the landscape, separated by rusty barbed-wire fences. An occasional bullet-riddled Chicago Aeromotor windmill can be seen pumping dust into decrepit cattle tanks. Looks like the perfect movie set for a spaghetti western. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Whitewater Draw") { $locationInfo = "Whitewater Draw"; $in_needed++; } if ("McNeil") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "McNeil"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(46, "Western Kingbird on Barbed Wire", "Western Kingbird on Barbed Wire - Whitewater Draw - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Western-Kingbird-109-2951.html", "images/Western-Kingbird-109-2951_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 47 && $endImage >= 47) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote Roadrunners are curious, funny birds. The Roadrunner in the photo to the right decided it needed to inspect my gear and got so close I had to switch to a camera with a smaller lens. Until I saw them up close, I didn't realize that there is a red, white, and blue coloring in the area around the bird's eye. End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Willow Tank") { $locationInfo = "Willow Tank"; $in_needed++; } if ("Rodeo") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Rodeo"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(47, "Greater Roadrunner", "Greater Roadrunner - Willow Tank - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Greater-Roadrunner-109-4268.html", "images/Greater-Roadrunner-109-4268_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 48 && $endImage >= 48) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote Sandhill Cranes bank as they approach the ponds of the Whitewater Draw wildlife conservation area in the afternoon. In 2008, a record number of Sandhill Cranes, over 30,000, were reported to be wintering in the Sulphur Springs Valley. Their abundance, and the amount of water in the ponds, made for fantastic birdwatching and bird photography! End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Whitewater Draw") { $locationInfo = "Whitewater Draw"; $in_needed++; } if ("McNeal") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "McNeal"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(48, "Sandhill Cranes Banking on Approach", "Sandhill Cranes Banking on Approach - Whitewater Draw - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Sandhill-Crane-109-4698.html", "images/Sandhill-Crane-109-4698_thm.jpg", 150, 100, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS-1D Mark II", "$rawCaption") ; } if ($startImage <= 49 && $endImage >= 49) { $rawCaption = <<< End_Of_Quote What better place for an image of a Cactus Wren than on a cactus? Cactus Wrens are little birds that make a loud, distinctive noise that makes them sound much bigger than they are. Somehow, these birds know how to land and hop around on cactus without getting poked. The Cactus Wren is right at home in cholla, which most people know is best to avoid! End_Of_Quote; $in_needed = 0; $comma_needed = 0; $locationInfo = ''; if ("Sabino Canyon") { $locationInfo = "Sabino Canyon"; $in_needed++; } if ("Tucson") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; $in_needed = 0; } $locationInfo .= "Tucson"; $comma_needed++; } if ("Arizona") { if ($in_needed) { $locationInfo .= " in "; } else if ($comma_needed) { $locationInfo .= ", "; } $locationInfo .= "Arizona"; } thumbnail(49, "Cactus Wren in Cholla", "Cactus Wren in Cholla - Sabino Canyon - Image © Copyright Ed Bustya", "Cactus-Wren-308-0884.html", "images/Cactus-Wren-308-0884_thm.jpg", 100, 150, "$locationInfo", "Canon EOS 20D", "$rawCaption") ; } echo ("
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